MARKED BRICKS OF UNKNOWN ORIGIN

 

occasionally bricks are found which have marks on them but no obvious means of identifying the maker. These marks are usually numbers or letters or a combination of both and at present the significance of most of these letters and numbers is not known.

 NUMBERED BRICKS

numbered bricks

 

This pair of numbered firebricks are both the same size square in section but as can be seen the number '1' is significantly longer than the number '2' 

 

11 a brick

 

a large curved brick labelled 11A (used to line top of shaft at Watergate Colliery, Flimby)

 

27 4

 

A large furnace block stamped 27    4.

 

MULTI NUMBEREDBRICKS

Below are a collection of bricks with what are obvious some form of catalogue mark. the maker is not known. They were all found in debris from the 2nd World War nitrocellulose factory at Powfoot on the Dumfrieshire coast.

70c a

70cb

 70cc

88c

 

Any ideas as to the meaning or the manufacturer would be gratefully received and acknowledged.

LETTER MARKED BRICKS

f brick

A large fireclay block with an 'F' stamped on it. note also the hob nailed footprint.

k brick

A red normal clay brick marked with a K Found on Ard Mor Bettyhill on northern coast of Scotland.

NAMED BRICKS OF UNKOWN ORIGIN.

 

park brick stanhope smelter

 A brick with Park stamped on it of unknown origin. (found Stanhope smelt mill)

 

 

 

 

BRICKS FROM AROUND THE UK.

 

STOURBRIDGE

 

In the midlands an area well known for fireclay.

There was a number of makers in the area.

 

 

 

 stourbridge

 

A brick just stamped Stourbridge

 

fisher stourbridge

 

 A brick marked Fishers Stourbridge.

 

 

TIMMIS & CO LTD

 

timmis brick

Another Stourbridge company. Founded by the Timmis brothers G H and J A about 1871 they mined clay from under Stourbridge and Amblecote. 

RAYAX is a trade mark for firebricks with a high 55 - 60% Aluminium by incorpoating Sillimanite a high content Aluminosilicate mineral.

 

 

LONDON BRICK COMPANY. (LBC)

 

minature lbc brick

 

This brick is a minature brick. There is a debate about these small bricks some were used in fireplaces etc. Or were they made as samples for travelling sales men?

 

PHORPRES refers to the fact the bricks are pressed four times in their production. Originall in presses made by C. Whittaker & Co of Accrington, Lancashire.

 

lbc 9   lbc 10

 london brick19 lbc 19

Examples of LBC bricks known as Flettons. The numbers refer to the various works and also in cases of double numbers also to the press used.

6  not known

10 Flettons Ltd

19 Beebys.

 Flettons are made from Oxford clay which has an unique property in that it contains a high concentration of organic matter which results in the brick almost firing itself in the kiln and so reducing drastically the overall cost of firing and production. Another advantage is the abiltiy to crush it to a fine granular material and it possessed a uniform moisture content which made it suitable for making into bricks by using semi-dry pressing process.

The "Fletton" process was started at Fletton Lodge Estate which was purchased by James McCallum Craig and the bricks made became known as Flettons. A number of companies were involved but over time the London Brick Company dominated the Fletton trade.

The London Brick company was incorporated as the London Brick company Limited in 1900 and adopted the trade mark "PHORPRES" in 1901. The Phorpres name was dropped in 1974.

 

 

VITROSS

 

vitros

Manufactured by the North Staffordshire Brick and Tile Co. Ltd, Chesterton, Newcastle-under-Lyme 

VITROS would appear to be their trade mark for their typical staffordshire blue engineering brick.

 

 vitrros f

 

The same type of brick with a 'F' on it.

 

METALLIC AND METAL BRAND

 

metal brand   metal

 

 These were the trade marks of Metallic Tile Co (Rowley Bros) Ltd. at the Metallic tileries in Chesterton, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffordshire. closed in 1977.

Also at Hanfell tyleries.

 

J.C.E

jce2

 

J C E stands for J C Edwards who had a brick works at Ruaban, North Wales

jce

 

 A lot of JCE bricks with a number and fraction on it. In this case 31/8 in a very deep frog.

jce2a

this is the reverse of the top brick with 31/8

3and eighth

Adifferent variation on the 31/8. 

 

RUABON BRICK & TERRA COTTA LTD

 

ruabon terracotta edge

A rope topped garden edge.

Ruabon Brick & Terra Cotta Ltd or locally called Jenks Terra Cotta. Founded by the Hague family of Gardden around 1883 and managed by Mr Jenks. Taken over by Dennis in 1960s and closed 1970s. 

 

KETLEY BRICKS

ketley k

A Staffordshire blue engineering brick.

Made by Ketley Bricks, Dreadnought Works, Dreadnaught Road, Pesnett, Brierly Hill.

ketley kp

A paviour marked KP.

(Information from the old brick marks website. )

 

MARK FAWCETT AND COMPANY.

 

 fawcett 1      fawcett2

 

Mark Fawcett and Company from near London.  The Edwardian Patwnt Dow draught Preventing Chimney pot. (The pot is upside down in the picture as being used as a planter.) 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

YORKSHIRE BRICKS.

 

 

LEEDS FIRECLAY COMPANY.

 

 

 

leeds-fireclay-1

 

 

leedsfireclay1

 

Both sides of a brown glazed brick.

 

leedsfireclay2 

 

A white glazed brick.

 

leeds-elland-rd

 

A white brick with Ellen Road stamped on it.

 

lfc

A white brick which has one face glazed.

 

leeds angle    leeds angle 2

 

A white glazed angle brick with the same stamp as the normal brick above.

 

The Leeds Fireclay Company was formed in 1889 by the amalgamation of seven Leed's brick makers including the Burmantofts Company./

 

 

 

 

 

 

 ARMITAGE

 

 

armitage

 

 

armitage2

armitage imprint

 

Armitage Brickworks, Woodhill, west Ardsley, leeds.

 

KIRKHEATON

kirkheaton

 

Kirkheaton brickworks,  Huddersfield.

 

 

COMMONDALE

 

commondale brick72

 

Commondale brick works were opened in 1861 by the London and Cleveland Firebrick Co. This was a short lived venture and closed in 1867 with the death of the main director John Slater Pratt.

The works reopened in 1872 by John Crossley who formed the Commondale Brick, Pipe and Pottery Company.

The site had a seam of fine clay that was suited to production of terra cotta including for a period pottery. The works was well known for their architectural terra coota.

The works were offered for sale in 1947 and were demolished in the 1950s.

 

Examples of their work:-

 

Commondale War Memorial.  Although a stone cross created by local mason Joseph Ford there are four terra cotta panels on the base commemorating the fallen made at the local works.

 

commondalewar5   commondale war1   commondale war2   commondale war3  commondale war4

 

They also made gravestones in the shape of crosses.    commondale cemetry  This example is in the local churchyard.

 

A number of houses in Commondale are built with the local bricks and architectural terra cotta.

commondale ho

Originally a row of three cottages.

 

The company made a hand made brick sold under the trade mark 'TUDOR' and these were used in a number of buildings around the Cleveland area.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LANCASHIRE BRICKS

 

 

ACCRINGTON.

  

 

The Accrington area of Lancashire has a rich supply of mudstone which is suitable for brick making. The iron content of the mudstone gives bricks trhe brightr red colour. It was quarried on the sides of Whinny Hill and during the late victorian period a number of brick works developed. They specialised in strong engineering bricks and acid resistant terracotta-ware for chemical works.

 

The bricks were said to be IRON hard and this is thought to have been changed to NORI when the builder of the chimney laid out the letter in white bricks on the ground then built them in to the chimney but in the wrong order.

 

accrington-nori

 

 

 

Accrington NORI red engineering brick from the Accrington Brick and Tile company.

 

accrington-nori4

 

A slight variation with the start and end of the word ACCRINGTON curved slightly.

 

 

norig

 

Brick stamped NORI G.

accrington nori stretcher

 Accrington NORI stamped on the stretcher surface of a brick.

accrington arc

An arc impression stamp on a brick with no frog. 

 

accrington-redac

 

accington-redac2

 

Accrington REDAC brick. From the Huncoat brick works.

Founded in 1894 by the Huncoat Brick & Terra Cotta Co. Ltd. major parter was Stephen Holgate of Enfield Brick was the major partner.

company was liquidated in 1918 and taken over by B Whittaker & Sons of Leeds. they merged in 1965 with redland holdings ltd.

Site was sold in 1971 to G H Downing & Co Ltd of Newcastle under Lyme.

 Site SD 773 305.

 

 

acrrington-bc

 

Brick from the Accrington Brick and Tile Company.

Accrington Brick and Tile Company was formed in 1887, principal partners in the business was Henry Stephenson a Burnley brick maker, john sharples a builder and J H Heap.

In 1898 employed 130 people making engineering and facing bricks, tiles and terra cotta specials.

company acquired in 1902 by the neighbouring colliery comp[any owned by G W Macalpine and family.

Acquired in 1958 by Lancashire Cotton Corporation Ltd, later taken over by Courtaulds. 

The site  was at SD 756 302.

 

 

huncoat-plastic

 

Brick from the Huncoats Plastic Brick Company. Accrington.

 

 huncoat-accr

 

Another variation on the Huncoat mark.

huncoat redac

Another version with the 'REDAC' mark inserted.

 

whinneyhill

 

Brick from Whinney Hill Plastic Brick Works.

 Built in 1896-97 by Whinney Hill Plastic Brick Co. Ltd. The company formed by Henry Stephenson, hannibal Ramsbottom, R S Crossley and others.

Taken over by G W Macalpine in 1916-17 to become part of the Accrington brickworks.

Site SD 764 303.

 

An acid resistant brick from Whinney Hill.

 

enfield-acc

 

A brick from the Enfield brick works.

 The Enfield Brick & Terra Cotta Co. Ltd. was formed in 1893 by Stephen Holgate, quarrymaster, Charles Foster, builder, and others,

By 1900 they employed 100 people and produced engineering, and rustic bricks and terra cotta specials.

The works were sold to the Accrington Brick and Tile Co Ltd in 1938 when the Enfield company moved to new works at Deerplay

 

 

ENFIELD DEERPARK.

 

enfield deerplay

 

DARWEN.

 

 

WHITAKERS DARWEN

 

whitiker-darwen 

 

 

A brick from Whitakers Brick works Darwen.

 

whittaker-millhill

 

A brick from the Millhill brick works.

 

BULL HILL

 

bullhill

 

NEW CENTURY DARWEN

 

new-century-darwen 

 

new century darwen

Similar design without the description 'plastic'

 

 

 

 

 PLACE DARWEN

 

place

 

place-b

John and Joseph Place originally built a cotton mill at Hoddlestden about 1832. In 1838 joseph Place sank the Hoddlesden Colliery. In 1878 the fireclay associated with the coal was started to be mined and used for brick and other clay products Joseph Place and Sons, sanitary pipe manufacturer, was formed. tow of josephs sond William Henry and John Henry and 1892 started the Eccleshill firebrick and fireclay works. The comapny became limited in 1897.

 

The coal pits were taken over by the NCB in 1947.

 

Fireclay extraction stopped in 1952 when demand fell with the colliery closed in September 1961 and the site was cleared.

 

 

place chimney     place stamp

A large chimney pot. The stamp is poor but no other 'sons' brickworks are known in Darwen.

 

 

 

JOHN WOOD DARWEN

 

john-woods

 

 

THOMAS KNOWLES

knowles ventilator

A salt glazed ridge ventilator.

knowles stamp

The stamp of T Knowles Darwen.

T Knowles ran the Spring Vale Fire Clay works Darwen. 

In 1914 they were described as Sanitory Ware Manufacturer specialising in salt glazed sanitary pipes, bends, junctions, gullies and all kinds of traps and fittings. Cattle troughs, pig troughs, horse mangers, sinks, waste water closets, latrines and urinals. Patent man holes, patent anti-flood traps, patent outlet pipes for gas cookers and Knowles paptent golf sand boxes.

The company was acquired by Hepworth Iron Company in 1962.

 

YATES HORWICH

 

yates-plastic

 

 

 GRANE

 

grane

 

crane2 

 

Grane brickworks

 

 

 

CLAUGHTON MANOR BRICK WORKS

 

claughton

 

Claughton Manor Brick works are still working (2014) using an ariel ropeway to bring the shale down to the works.

 

cloughton2

 A much plainer brick mark.

MATTHEW BLACKBURN

 

matthews-blackburn

 

 

 

 

PHILLIPSON BOLTON

 

phillipson-bolton

 

 

 

Both sides of a white glazed brick.

 

 WITHNELL

 

withnell

 

 

Withnell Brick works.

 

 withnell-terra

 

 

QUEENS RISHTON

 

queen-rishton

 

CLARKE RISHTON

 clarke bricks

Advert for George Clarke brickworks Rishton in Barrett's Directory of Blackburn and District 1947. 

 

RPB LATHOM

 

rpb lathom

 

RPB Lathom. Lathom is near Ormskirk. RPB stands for Ralph Platt Barker. the site  was associated with the Bluguegate Colliery.

 

H R

h r

h R: hall and Rogers, Stott pit, Westhoughton, Bolton.

 

WALTON

WALTON 2

Walton brick from the Walton Quarry & Brick Co, Walton Sidings, Entwhistle.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SCOTTISH BRICKWORKS AND MARKS

 

SANQUHAR BRICKWORKS

Buccleugh Terra Cotta Works. NS 780 104.

Operated between c1867 and 1958.

 

The works were operated by James Irving McConnell & Kirkconnel Coal Company from 190. From 1925 it was part of William Baird & Co Ltd and from 1931 to 1947 by Bairds & Dalmellington Ltd and finally by NCB upto closure.

 The variety of stamp marks in the frogs of bricks from this works is numerous.

 

 

skc-buccleugh

 

 

  

Skc-sanquhar

Note no 'o' in Co. Or 't' in Ltd.

 

 skcoltd

A slight variation on the one above. This one has an 'o' in the Co. and 't' in Ltd.

skc-sanq

 

s-k-san

 

skcoltd 

 

 

skltd-buccleugh

 

 the-s-k

 

brodie-sanq

 

Works originally opened by  George Cleunel in 1852, J Brodie purchased the works in 1891.  

 In 1891 the works had five Newcastle kilns and a staffordshire oven.

Works later run by Isherwood Brothers and a Mr Scott before been taken over by the Sanquhar * Kirkconnel Colliereis Company.

bucc-terr

 

Buccleugh Terra Cotta Co with raised writing instead on usual depressed.

 

sk-kirkconnel

 

The same company also had a brickworks at Kirkconnel.

 

buccleugh-sanq

 

woodbrossanq

A broken Isherwood Brothers brick. They took over from James Brodie.

sanqhuar bricks

Advert carlisle Journal  21st May 1859. setting up agents to sell their products in the Carlisle area. The railway line through Sanquhar eventually connecting to carlisle had opened in 1850.

 

 

SKARES

 

 

ncb-skares

 

Skares brickwork was operated by the NCB fron 1954 - 1969 and by the Scottish Brick Corporation between 1969 - 1984, and Glasgow Iron and Steel Company Ltd. between 1984 -1987. Situated NS 530  184. It had one Hoffmann with 28 chambers.

 

PRESTON GRANGE

 

preston-grange

 

Prestongrange  Brick & Fireclay works. NT 373 737.

Operated 1890s - 1970s. Had 1 Hoffmann kiln 24 chambers and 11 round down draught kilns.

 

 

summerlee

 

'SUMMERLEE' marked bricks were produced at the Preston Grange Brick works between 1907 - 1947.

 

 

 

GLENBOIG

 

glenboig

 

'GLENBOIG' bricks were made at either 1) Glenboig Fireclay works (old) NS 720 686 Operated from 1886 -1960s.

 

 

glenboig-starworks

 

2) Glenboig Star works NS724 687. Operated 1886 - 1960s.

The company was the Glenboig Union Fire clay Company operating from 1882 - c1969. (were taken over by General refractories of Sheffield in 1936).

 

star glenboig2

 

A badly worn partially broken starworks J brick.

glenboig-w-14

 

 

DOUGALL

 

dougall

 

'DOUGALL' could be produced at either 1) Dougall's Brickworks, Bonnybridge NS 833 792. Operated from 1884. Single tunnel kiln.

2) Bonnyside Brickworks, Bonnybridge NS 836 794. oprating from 1884. Consisting of 1 Tunnel Kiln 2 rectangular downdraught kiln, 2 Belgian kilns with 28 chambers.

dougall2

A slightly different stamp.

dougall1

 

A Dougall 1 brick.

 

 

dougal 8

A partially worn Dougall 8. 

 

 S B C

sbc

SBC - Scottish Brick Corporation took over the remains of the NCB brickworks in 1969. By 1984 it was down to one works at Bishopbriggs.

DEWAR

 

dewar

 

Produced at Drumpark Brickworks, Bargeddie, Glasgow NS 705 641.

Dewar and Findlay Ltd,  specialised in high quality pressed facing bricks in red and blue.

operated from late 1890s to 1977.

Operated from early 20th century till 1977. Consisted of 1 Transverse arch kiln with 16 chambers, 2 round dowhdraught, upto 5 rectangular downdraught.

dewar brick

STEIN

stein-denny 

Anchor Brickworks, Denny, NS 807 835 dating from 1898 - 1931/2. 3 Hoffmann kilns.

 april 1940 

 

 Advert from the  Bulletin of The Institute of Mining and Metalurgy April 1940

 august 1947

Advert Bulletin Institute Mining and Metallurgy August 1947

august 1948

Advert from the Bulletin Institute of Mining and Metalurgy August 1948.

june 1941

Advert Bulletin of Institute ofMining and Metalurgy June 1941.

 

october 1947

Advert Bulletin of Institute of Mining and Metalurgy October 1947.

october 1948

Advert Bulletinof Institute of Mining and Metalurgy October 1948.

See Also NETTLE brand marks and THISTLE brand marks.

 

GILMOUR AND CO

gilmour-kilmarnock

A white glazed brick.

Gilmour & Co, .Drumchapel brickworks, Drumchapel, Dumbartonshire 1896 - 1906.

ANNBANK

annbank

William Baird & Co, later Bairds & Dalmellington Ltd. Annbank brickworks, Annbank, Ayrshire NS 409 239. 1934 - 1977.

1 Hoffmann kiln 24 chambers.

Was next toAyr 1 & 2 collieries which supplied fireclay to the works.

 

Taken over by NCB until 1969 then Scottish Brick Corporation till 1977.

annbank2

DICO

dico

 

 Dunaskin Brickworks, Waterside Ayrshire NS 441 083 dating from 1914 - 1983. Originally owned by the Dalmellington Iron Company. Taken over by Baird & Dalmellington Ltd in 1931

1 Staffordshire transverse arch kiln with 14 chambers heated undefloor to 1,100 - 1,200oC  and 1 Belgian kiln 24 chambers.

 

ncb-dico

A brick produced after the take over by the National Coal Board in 1947,

Taken over SBC later.

 

WHITEHILL

whitehill

Whitehill Brickworks, Rosehill, Edinburgh.

operated from c1871 - 1977.

1 Hoffmann kiln 6 round downdraught.

whitehill brick2

A white brick with a slightly different stamp. 

STEPENDS

 

stepend

 

Stepends brickworks, Airdrie. Lanarkshire NS 805 670

 

c1937 -1947.

 

CRAIGRIGG

 

craigrigg 

 

Craigrigg Brickworks Westfield, West Lowthian NS 933 708.

 

Pre 19838 - 1950s.

 

ROSEHALL

 

rosehall 

 

Rosehall Brickworks, Whifflet, Coatbridge, Lanarkshire NS 726 630

 

C1900 - 1965

 

 

OCTO

 

octo-43

 

Produced by Bonnybridge Silica & Fireclay Co. Ltd. Bonnybridge, Stirlingshire.

 

ETNA

 

etna 

 

1) Etna Brickworks, Bathville, Armadale, West Lowthian NS 944 679.

 

Originally run by the Glasgow Iron and Steel Company c1897 - 1980's. Management buy out continued the works until closure.

 

site consisted of 4 Hoffmann kilns 10, 10, 16, 28 chambers. Two of the smaller kilns were built in 1897 and the other in 1898. The larger kiln was built in 1964. Two of the smaller were demolished 1984 and the other was demolished shortly afterwards. 1 modern shuttle kiln 1988.

 

2) West Works, Armadale, West Lowthian NS 593 677

 

 

see also GISCOL

 

 

DOUGLAS

 

douglas-x 

 

Douglas Firebrick Works, Dalry, Ayrshire NS 297 478.

 

1914 - c1983

 

2 tunnel kilns 2 rectangular downdraught kilns.

 

 

douglas24

 

 

douglasxl

 

douglas-x-2

COLTNESS

 

coltness

 

Newmains Fireclay Brickworks,Morningtonside, Lanarkside. NS 823 549.

 

c1854 - 1960s.

 

colt

 

 

 

 

 

BONNYBRIDGE

 

bonnybridge-brand

 

Bonnybridge Silica & Fireclay Brickworks, Bonnybridge, Stirlingshire. NS 830 790.

 

1874 - 1971. 

 

see also OCTO

 

bonnybridge brand 2

A slightly different stamp the 'BRAND'  is spread further to the right wth the 'D' below the 'DG' as against the top brick where it is under the 'ID'

 

bonnybridge

 

 

bonnybridge23

 

Variations on the stammp and also numbering possibly for shape or quality.

 

 

FAULDHEAD

 

fauldhead

 

 

Fauldhead Brickworks, Kirkconnel NS 732 124

 

Open 1912 -1970s.

 

HOWIE

 

howie

 

 White glased brick

 

Possiblity of 3 brickworks

 

1) Hurlford Fireclay Works, Hurlford Ayrshire. NS 459 367. From 1858 - 1971. 1 tunnel kiln 7 round down draught.

 

2)Plann Fireclay Works, Crosshouse, Kilmarnock. NS 398 395. From c1899 - 1969. 14 Rectangular Downdraught and Round Downdraught kilns. 1 Newcastle.

 

3) Southhook Fireclay Works, Dreghorn, Ayrshire. NS 387 399. From c1889 - 1969.

 

howie-bullnose1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A similar stamp on a white glazed bullnose brick. 

 

howie 1   howie2

A white brick with J & R howie on one side with Hurlford on the other.

 

howie grate

 

Not only did some manufacturers make the salt glazed drainage products they also had foundries which allowed them to produce the associated iron work.

  

 HURLFORD.

 

hurlford-trough-2

 

 

hurlford-trough1

 

 Salt glazed trough from Hurlford Fireclay works part of John Howie. (see above.)

hurlford trough 3

Hurlford stamp on trough.

hurlford trough 2

Stamped name on trough.

 

hurlford troughshap  hurlfordtroughmark   hurlfordtrough9

 

A trough designed to attach to a waterpipe with a ball cock. As well as the normal Hurlford by Kilmarnock stamp (appears twice on opposite corners) there is also a '9' stamped into the top.

 

hurlford drain     hurlford drain mark

 An access junction salt glazed drain pipe. With the embossed trade mark.

 

 

HURLL

hurll  

2 Possible brickworks.

1) Garnqueen Fireclay Works, Glenboig, Lanarkshire. NS 720 681. From c1896 - 1962. ! Transverse arch Kiln 14 chambers, 1 Hoffmann Kiln 10 chambers.

2) Gartliston Fireclay Works, Glenboig, Lanarkshire. NS 723 679. From 1889 -1980. 1 Transverse Arch Kiln, 1 Tunnel Kiln.

 

 

hurll-glas

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

hurll-glasgow-brick

 

 

rmhurll 

 

 

 

 

GARTSHORE

garthorn

Gartshore Brickworks, Kilsythe, Dumbartonshire. NS 706 743, From 1934 - 1979. 1 Hoffman kiln 24 chambers.

 BANK

 

bank

 

Bank Brickworks, new Cumnock, Ayrshire NS 595 115.

 

c1899 - 1960s.

 

 

BOGHEAD

 

 

boghead

Boghead Fireclay Works, Bathgate, West Lothian NS 951 678.

c1889 - 1922.

BROOMHOUSE 

broomhouse

Broomhouse Brickworks, Lanarkshire. NS 676 625.

c1921 - c1940

 

GISCOL

 

giscol

 

Made from colliery waste by Glasgow Iron and Steel Co Ltd. incorporated in 1888.

 

Ran 2 brick works ETNA at Armadale, West Lowthian and Mayfield works at Carluke, Lanarkshire.

 

NIDDRIE

 

niddrie 

 

 

NIDDRIE. there were two works under the name of Niddrie

 

a) Niddrie Brickworks Edinburgh NT 309 715 worked from 1924 to 1991. 3 Hoffmann kilns with 22 and 24 chambers and 1 Shuttle kiln.

 

b) Niddrie fireclay works Edinburgh. NT 309 720  c 1890 - late 1960s.

 

 

 

KERSLAND

 

 

 

kersland- 

 

kersland 

 

Kersland Brickworks, Dalry. NS 303 504.

 

operated c1910 - c1939. 

 

HAMILTON

 

 

hamilton

 

 

Hamilton Brickworks.  NS 712 562

 

Operated 1937 - 1980 re-opened 1988.

 

2 Hoffman kilns 14 and 24 chambers

 

 

 

FREW

 

 

frew 

 

 

 Rawyards Brickworks NS 770 667.

 

Operated 1893 - c1960

 

 

EDINBURGH

 

edinburgh

 

 

Probably from the Edinburgh Colliery company who had 2 brick works at  Preston grange and Wallyford.

 

BLANTYRE FERME

 

blantyre 

 

Blantyre Ferme Brickworks, Blantyre. NS 683 607.

 

operated 1924 - 1974

 

3 Hoffman kilns. 

 

 

GARTCOSH

 

gartcosh 

 

Gartcosh Fireclay Works, Glenboig. NS 694 679

 

Operated from c1842 - post 1935.

 

 

CALDER

 

calder

 

CALDER FIREBRICK WORKS, GREENEND, AIRDRIE, NS 747 640

 

From c11893 - 1971.

 

calderxl

 

calder22

 

 

NETTLE 

nettle

NETTLE was a trade mark for STEIN Brickworks. It was used for bricks with the following caracteristics. Nettle is one of the high alumina firebrick (42.6%) series possessing properties of high refractoriness,  good resistance to slag penetration and high hardness at high temperatures. (From STEIN Catalogue) They were made at Manuel Works, Linlithgow from 1930 till 2004.

 nettle-biglow

 

A large furnace block.

 

 

 

THISTLE

 

 

thistle-5 

A trade mark for firebricks made by STEIN

 

 

thislte 48

A variation marked 48 - 40?

 THISTLE C

A variation with a 'C'.

 

 

 

 

 

 TOWERS

 

towers

 

 

A baby firebrick.

 

Grahamston Firebrick works, Falkirk, NS 888 810 

 

1857 - 1971.

 

 

 

 

J. M. CRAIG

 

 craigkilmarnock

J & M Craig form by 2 brothers James and Matthew in 1847. Incorporated in 1896 and went into liquidation in 1923. the company worked coal and fireclay mines at the sites. 

J & M Craig, Perceton Fireclay Works, Dreghorn Ayrshire NS 352 399 c1855 - c1908.

J & M Craig ltd Hillhead Fireclay Works, Kilmarnock  NS 426 389  c1858 - 1930s.

 J & M Craig Ltd  Longpark Sanitary Pottery, Kilmarnock NS 427 389  c1888 - 1981.

jmcraigfootbath

A sheep foot bath. 

 

CRAIGGLAZED2     CRAIG GLAZED3

A brick with a white glaze on one stretcher face.

 

 

 

LOCHSIDE

 

lochside-brick 

 

Lochside Coal and Fireclay Company Works, Lochside Works Townhill, Dumferline, Fife. NT 102 891.

Worked c1902 - 1974.

 

2 Rectangular downdraught kilns and 1 Hoffmann.

 

 

CASTLECARY

 

castlecarry

 

 

 

Castlecary Fireclay & Lime works, Castlecary, Stirlingshire.

 

 

c1883 - c1960s.

 ROBROYSTON

 

robroyston-brick

 

 Robroyston Brick works Glasgow NS 630 683.

 

c1921 - 1960s.

 

 REID

 

reid2

 

 

 Reid and Co. Lugton Brickworks, Beith, Ayrshire.

 

WM HUDSPITH

 

hudspith-wis

 

Wm Hudspith and Co. Wishaw, Wishaw pottery and brickworks.

 

MAYFIELD

 

mayfell

 

Mayfield brickworks, Carluke, Lanarkshire.

NS 851 495.   1947 - 1978.

 

2 Hoffman kilns each of 28 chambers.

 

FORTH

 

forth

 

Made at roughcastle Firebrick Works, Bonnybridge, Stirlingshire NS 845 796.

 

operated 1892 - 1965.

 

 

SCOTTISH TERRACOTTA

 

scottish-terracotta

 

 Made at Lee Terra Cotta works, Braidwood, Carluke, Lanarkshire. NS 845 485.

 

operated c1891 - c1907.

 

MCDONALD BRAIDWOOD

 

braidwood

 

 

Made by McDonald at Meadow brickworks, Braidwood, Carluke, Lanarkshire NS 848 490.

 

C1889 - c 1920

 

DARNGAVIL

darngavil

 

 Made at either Darngavil brickworks, Craigrigg, West Lowthian NS 933 708. Or Darngavil works, Airdrie, NS 770 667.

 

both operated from 1920s - 1950s. 

 

 

NELLFIELD

 

nellfield

 

 Made at Nellfield brick and tile works, Braidwood. NS 851 482.

 

Operated from approximately 1893 to after 1915.

 

In 1898 there was one Hoffman kiln.

 CARFIN

 

carfin

 

 Carfin brick works Lanarkshire NS 767 586 C 1859 - 1939

And Carfin Brick works Lanarkshire NS 770 580 c1896 - c 1960s. 

 

 

MUIR 

 

muir armadale

 

Muir Armadale, Barbauchlaw brickworks, west Lowthian NS 942 687 c1893 - 1971.

 

muir brick

A second World War II MUIR brick used to build the radar station at Stoer Head NW Scotland.

 

 

 

 

METHIL

 

methil

Methil Brickworks, Aberhill, Fife. NO 375 003.

1828 - c1952.

 methil red

A red from Methil.

 ATLAS

 

atlas a

 

 

Atlas A brick from  the Atlas Firebrick Work, Bathgate, West Lowthian NS 946 680.

 

operated 1882 - 1973.

 

A gas fired 30 chamber kiln.

 

 

 

RAEBURN

 


raeburn

 

DYKEHEAD 

 

dykehead b

 

A firebrick DYKEHEAD B

from the Dykehead Firebrick Works, Bonnybridge.

NS 826 789

opened c1925 closed 1960.

dykehead45a  dykehead45b

 

Two broken parts from  different blocks stamped 45 also a circular mark with a V at 12 o'clock. Note the notch and prong to allow interlocking.

 

LANEMARK

 

lanemark

 

Lanemark Brick works, New Cumnock, Ayrshire.  NS 591 132

c1896 - c1939

 

LARKHALL

 

larkhall

Larkhall Brickworks, Birkenshaw, Lanarkshire.  NS 576 490

c1898 - 1990

1 hoffman kiln 14 chambers.

 

PLANN KILMARNOCK

 

plann

 

Plann Fireclay Works, Crosshouse, Kilmarnock NS. 398 395

dating from c1896 - mid 1970s.

 

UNION

 

united brick

 

Made by the United Colliery, later called United Fireclay of Bathville.

 

k (A KENNETH & SONS)

k brick

Possibly made by A Kenneth & Sons who ran Annadale Brickworks, Crosshouse Kilmarnock, Brodie Brickworks, Dalry, Ayrshire, Commondyke Brickworks, Common, Neat Auchinleck. 

 

MOTHERWELL.

 

motherwell

 

Motherwell Brick Company, Motherwell, Lanarkshire.

 

ROBERT BROWN & SON

 

r brown

A rather battered Patent brick made by robert Brown and son, Fergushie Fireclay Works, Paisley.