SCOTTISH BRICKWORKS AND MARKS

 

SANQUHAR BRICKWORKS

Buccleugh Terra Cotta Works. NS 780 104.

Operated between c1867 and 1958.

 

The works were operated by James Irving McConnell & Kirkconnel Coal Company from 190. From 1925 it was part of William Baird & Co Ltd and from 1931 to 1947 by Bairds & Dalmellington Ltd and finally by NCB upto closure.

 The variety of stamp marks in the frogs of bricks from this works is numerous.

 

 

skc-buccleugh

 

 

  

Skc-sanquhar

Note no 'o' in Co. Or 't' in Ltd.

 

 skcoltd

A slight variation on the one above. This one has an 'o' in the Co. and 't' in Ltd.

skc-sanq

 

s-k-san

 

skcoltd 

 

 

skltd-buccleugh

 

 the-s-k

 

brodie-sanq

 

Works originally opened by  George Cleunel in 1852, J Brodie purchased the works in 1891.  

 In 1891 the works had five Newcastle kilns and a staffordshire oven.

Works later run by Isherwood Brothers and a Mr Scott before been taken over by the Sanquhar * Kirkconnel Colliereis Company.

bucc-terr

 

Buccleugh Terra Cotta Co with raised writing instead on usual depressed.

 

sk-kirkconnel

 

The same company also had a brickworks at Kirkconnel.

 

buccleugh-sanq

 

woodbrossanq

A broken Isherwood Brothers brick. They took over from James Brodie.

 

 

SKARES

 

 

ncb-skares

 

Skares brickwork was operated by the NCB fron 1954 - 1969 and by the Scottish Brick Corporation between 1969 - 1984, and Glasgow Iron and Steel Company Ltd. between 1984 -1987. Situated NS 530  184. It had one Hoffmann with 28 chambers.

 

PRESTON GRANGE

 

preston-grange

 

Prestongrange  Brick & Fireclay works. NT 373 737.

Operated 1890s - 1970s. Had 1 Hoffmann kiln 24 chambers and 11 round down draught kilns.

 

 

summerlee

 

'SUMMERLEE' marked bricks were produced at the Preston Grange Brick works between 1907 - 1947.

 

 

 

GLENBOIG

 

glenboig

 

'GLENBOIG' bricks were made at either 1) Glenboig Fireclay works (old) NS 720 686 Operated from 1886 -1960s.

 

 

glenboig-starworks

 

2) Glenboig Star works NS724 687. Operated 1886 - 1960s.

The company was the Glenboig Union Fire clay Company operating from 1882 - c1969. (were taken over by General refractories of Sheffield in 1936).

 

star glenboig2

 

A badly worn partially broken starworks J brick.

glenboig-w-14

 

 

DOUGALL

 

dougall

 

'DOUGALL' could be produced at either 1) Dougall's Brickworks, Bonnybridge NS 833 792. Operated from 1884. Single tunnel kiln.

2) Bonnyside Brickworks, Bonnybridge NS 836 794. oprating from 1884. Consisting of 1 Tunnel Kiln 2 rectangular downdraught kiln, 2 Belgian kilns with 28 chambers.

dougall2

A slightly different stamp.

dougall1

 S B C

sbc

SBC - Scottish Brick Corporation took over the remains of the NCB brickworks in 1969. By 1984 it was down to one works at Bishopbriggs.

DEWAR

 

dewar

 

Produced at Drumpark Brickworks, Bargeddie, Glasgow NS 705 641.

Dewar and Findlay Ltd,  specialised in high quality pressed facing bricks in red and blue.

operated from late 1890s to 1977.

Operated from early 20th century till 1977. Consisted of 1 Transverse arch kiln with 16 chambers, 2 round dowhdraught, upto 5 rectangular downdraught.

STEIN

stein-denny 

Anchor Brickworks, Denny, NS 807 835 dating from 1898 - 1931/2. 3 Hoffmann kilns.

 

 

 Advert from the  Bulletin of The Institute of Mining and Metalurgy April 1941.

See Also NETTLE.

 

GILMOUR AND CO

gilmour-kilmarnock

A white glazed brick.

Gilmour & Co, .Drumchapel brickworks, Drumchapel, Dumbartonshire 1896 - 1906.

ANNBANK

annbank

William Baird & Co, later Bairds & Dalmellington Ltd. Annbank brickworks, Annbank, Ayrshire NS 409 239. 1934 - 1977.

1 Hoffmann kiln 24 chambers.

Was next toAyr 1 & 2 collieries which supplied fireclay to the works.

 

Taken over by NCB until 1969 then Scottish Brick Corporation till 1977.

annbank2

DICO

dico

 

 Dunaskin Brickworks, Waterside Ayrshire NS 441 083 dating from 1914 - 1983. Originally owned by the Dalmellington Iron Company. Taken over by Baird & Dalmellington Ltd in 1931

1 Staffordshire transverse arch kiln with 14 chambers heated undefloor to 1,100 - 1,200oC  and 1 Belgian kiln 24 chambers.

 

ncb-dico

A brick produced after the take over by the National Coal Board in 1947,

Taken over SBC later.

 

WHITEHILL

whitehill

Whitehill Brickworks, Rosehill, Edinburgh.

operated from c1871 - 1977.

1 Hoffmann kiln 6 round downdraught.

whitehill brick2

A white brick with a slightly different stamp. 

STEPENDS

 

stepend

 

Stepends brickworks, Airdrie. Lanarkshire NS 805 670

 

c1937 -1947.

 

CRAIGRIGG

 

craigrigg 

 

Craigrigg Brickworks Westfield, West Lowthian NS 933 708.

 

Pre 19838 - 1950s.

 

ROSEHALL

 

rosehall 

 

Rosehall Brickworks, Whifflet, Coatbridge, Lanarkshire NS 726 630

 

C1900 - 1965

 

 

OCTO

 

octo-43

 

Produced by Bonnybridge Silica & Fireclay Co. Ltd. Bonnybridge, Stirlingshire.

 

ETNA

 

etna 

 

1) Etna Brickworks, Bathville, Armadale, West Lowthian NS 944 679.

 

Originally run by the Glasgow Iron and Steel Company c1897 - 1980's. Management buy out continued the works until closure.

 

site consisted of 4 Hoffmann kilns 10, 10, 16, 28 chambers. Two of the smaller kilns were built in 1897 and the other in 1898. The larger kiln was built in 1964. Two of the smaller were demolished 1984 and the other was demolished shortly afterwards. 1 modern shuttle kiln 1988.

 

2) West Works, Armadale, West Lowthian NS 593 677

 

 

see also GISCOL

 

 

DOUGLAS

 

douglas-x 

 

Douglas Firebrick Works, Dalry, Ayrshire NS 297 478.

 

1914 - c1983

 

2 tunnel kilns 2 rectangular downdraught kilns.

 

 

douglas24

 

 

douglasxl

 

douglas-x-2

COLTNESS

 

coltness

 

Newmains Fireclay Brickworks,Morningtonside, Lanarkside. NS 823 549.

 

c1854 - 1960s.

 

colt

 

 

 

 

 

BONNYBRIDGE

 

bonnybridge-brand

 

Bonnybridge Silica & Fireclay Brickworks, Bonnybridge, Stirlingshire. NS 830 790.

 

1874 - 1971. 

 

see also OCTO

 

bonnybridge

 

 

bonnybridge23

 

Variations on the stammp and also numbering possibly for shape or quality.

 

 

FAULDHEAD

 

fauldhead

 

 

Fauldhead Brickworks, Kirkconnel NS 732 124

 

Open 1912 -1970s.

 

HOWIE

 

howie

 

 White glased brick

 

Possiblity of 3 brickworks

 

1) Hurlford Fireclay Works, Hurlford Ayrshire. NS 459 367. From 1858 - 1971. 1 tunnel kiln 7 round down draught.

 

2)Plann Fireclay Works, Crosshouse, Kilmarnock. NS 398 395. From c1899 - 1969. 14 Rectangular Downdraught and Round Downdraught kilns. 1 Newcastle.

 

3) Southhook Fireclay Works, Dreghorn, Ayrshire. NS 387 399. From c1889 - 1969.

 

howie-bullnose1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A similar stamp on a white glazed bullnose brick. 

 

howie 1   howie2

A white brick with J & R howie on one side with Hurlford on the other.

 HURLFORD.

 

hurlford-trough-2

 

 

hurlford-trough1

 

 Salt glazed trough from Hurlford Fireclay works part of John Howie. (see above.)

 

hurlford drain     hurlford drain mark

 An access junction salt glazed drain pipe. With the embossed trade mark.

 

 

HURLL

hurll  

2 Possible brickworks.

1) Garnqueen Fireclay Works, Glenboig, Lanarkshire. NS 720 681. From c1896 - 1962. ! Transverse arch Kiln 14 chambers, 1 Hoffmann Kiln 10 chambers.

2) Gartliston Fireclay Works, Glenboig, Lanarkshire. NS 723 679. From 1889 -1980. 1 Transverse Arch Kiln, 1 Tunnel Kiln.

 

 

hurll-glas

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

hurll-glasgow-brick

 

 

rmhurll 

 

 

 

 

GARTSHORE

garthorn

Gartshore Brickworks, Kilsythe, Dumbartonshire. NS 706 743, From 1934 - 1979. 1 Hoffman kiln 24 chambers.

 BANK

 

bank

 

Bank Brickworks, new Cumnock, Ayrshire NS 595 115.

 

c1899 - 1960s.

 

 

BOGHEAD

 

 

boghead

Boghead Fireclay Works, Bathgate, West Lothian NS 951 678.

c1889 - 1922.

BROOMHOUSE 

broomhouse

Broomhouse Brickworks, Lanarkshire. NS 676 625.

c1921 - c1940

 

GISCOL

 

giscol

 

Made from colliery waste by Glasgow Iron and Steel Co Ltd. incorporated in 1888.

 

Ran 2 brick works ETNA at Armadale, West Lowthian and Mayfield works at Carluke, Lanarkshire.

 

NIDDRIE

 

niddrie 

 

 

NIDDRIE. there were two works under the name of Niddrie

 

a) Niddrie Brickworks Edinburgh NT 309 715 worked from 1924 to 1991. 3 Hoffmann kilns with 22 and 24 chambers and 1 Shuttle kiln.

 

b) Niddrie fireclay works Edinburgh. NT 309 720  c 1890 - late 1960s.

 

 

 

KERSLAND

 

 

 

kersland- 

 

kersland 

 

Kersland Brickworks, Dalry. NS 303 504.

 

operated c1910 - c1939. 

 

HAMILTON

 

 

hamilton

 

 

Hamilton Brickworks.  NS 712 562

 

Operated 1937 - 1980 re-opened 1988.

 

2 Hoffman kilns 14 and 24 chambers

 

 

 

FREW

 

 

frew 

 

 

 Rawyards Brickworks NS 770 667.

 

Operated 1893 - c1960

 

 

EDINBURGH

 

edinburgh

 

 

Probably from the Edinburgh Colliery company who had 2 brick works at  Preston grange and Wallyford.

 

BLANTYRE FERME

 

blantyre 

 

Blantyre Ferme Brickworks, Blantyre. NS 683 607.

 

operated 1924 - 1974

 

3 Hoffman kilns. 

 

 

GARTCOSH

 

gartcosh 

 

Gartcosh Fireclay Works, Glenboig. NS 694 679

 

Operated from c1842 - post 1935.

 

 

CALDER

 

calder

 

CALDER FIREBRICK WORKS, GREENEND, AIRDRIE, NS 747 640

 

From c11893 - 1971.

 

calderxl

 

calder22

 

 

NETTLE 

nettle

NETTLE was a trade mark for STEIN Brickworks. It was used for bricks with the following caracteristics. Nettle is one of the high alumina firebrick (42.6%) series possessing properties of high refractoriness,  good resistance to slag penetration and high hardness at high temperatures. (From STEIN Catalogue) They were made at Manuel Works, Linlithgow from 1930 till 2004.

 nettle-biglow

 

A large furnace block.

 

 

 

THISTLE

 

 

thistle-5 

A trade mark for firebricks made by STEIN

 

 

thislte 48

A variation marked 48 - 40?

 

 

 

 

 

 TOWERS

 

towers

 

 

A baby firebrick.

 

Grahamston Firebrick works, Falkirk, NS 888 810 

 

1857 - 1971.

 

 

 

 

J. M. CRAIG

 

 craigkilmarnock

J & M Craig form by 2 brothers James and Matthew in 1847. Incorporated in 1896 and went into liquidation in 1923. the company worked coal and fireclay mines at the sites. 

J & M Craig, Perceton Fireclay Works, Dreghorn Ayrshire NS 352 399 c1855 - c1908.

J & M Craig ltd Hillhead Fireclay Works, Kilmarnock  NS 426 389  c1858 - 1930s.

 J & M Craig Ltd  Longpark Sanitary Pottery, Kilmarnock NS 427 389  c1888 - 1981.

jmcraigfootbath

A sheep foot bath. 

 

CRAIGGLAZED2     CRAIG GLAZED3

A brick with a white glaze on one stretcher face.

 

 

 

LOCHSIDE

 

lochside-brick 

 

Lochside Coal and Fireclay Company Works, Lochside Works Townhill, Dumferline, Fife. NT 102 891.

Worked c1902 - 1974.

 

2 Rectangular downdraught kilns and 1 Hoffmann.

 

 

CASTLECARY

 

castlecarry

 

 

 

Castlecary Fireclay & Lime works, Castlecary, Stirlingshire.

 

 

c1883 - c1960s.

 ROBROYSTON

 

robroyston-brick

 

 Robroyston Brick works Glasgow NS 630 683.

 

c1921 - 1960s.

 

 REID

 

reid2

 

 

 Reid and Co. Lugton Brickworks, Beith, Ayrshire.

 

WM HUDSPITH

 

hudspith-wis

 

Wm Hudspith and Co. Wishaw, Wishaw pottery and brickworks.

 

MAYFIELD

 

mayfell

 

Mayfield brickworks, Carluke, Lanarkshire.

NS 851 495.   1947 - 1978.

 

2 Hoffman kilns each of 28 chambers.

 

FORTH

 

forth

 

Made at roughcastle Firebrick Works, Bonnybridge, Stirlingshire NS 845 796.

 

operated 1892 - 1965.

 

 

SCOTTISH TERRACOTTA

 

scottish-terracotta

 

 Made at Lee Terra Cotta works, Braidwood, Carluke, Lanarkshire. NS 845 485.

 

operated c1891 - c1907.

 

MCDONALD BRAIDWOOD

 

braidwood

 

 

Made by McDonald at Meadow brickworks, Braidwood, Carluke, Lanarkshire NS 848 490.

 

C1889 - c 1920

 

DARNGAVIL

darngavil

 

 Made at either Darngavil brickworks, Craigrigg, West Lowthian NS 933 708. Or Darngavil works, Airdrie, NS 770 667.

 

both operated from 1920s - 1950s. 

 

 

NELLFIELD

 

nellfield

 

 Made at Nellfield brick and tile works, Braidwood. NS 851 482.

 

Operated from approximately 1893 to after 1915.

 

In 1898 there was one Hoffman kiln.

 CARFIN

 

carfin

 

 Carfin brick works Lanarkshire NS 767 586 C 1859 - 1939

And Carfin Brick works Lanarkshire NS 770 580 c1896 - c 1960s. 

 

 

MUIR 

 

muir armadale

 

Muir Armadale, Barbauchlaw brickworks, west Lowthian NS 942 687 c1893 - 1971.

 

 

 

METHIL

 

methil

Methil Brickworks, Aberhill, Fife. NO 375 003.

1828 - c1952.

 methil red

A red from Methil.

 ATLAS

 

atlas a

 

 

Atlas A brick from  the Atlas Firebrick Work, Bathgate, West Lowthian NS 946 680.

 

operated 1882 - 1973.

 

A gas fired 30 chamber kiln.

 

 

 

RAEBURN

 


raeburn

 

DYKEHEAD 

 

dykehead b

 

A firebrick DYKEHEAD B

from the Dykehead Firebrick Works, Bonnybridge.

NS 826 789

opened c1925 closed 1960.

dykehead45a  dykehead45b

 

Two broken parts from  different blocks stamped 45 also a circular mark with a V at 12 o'clock. Note the notch and prong to allow interlocking.

 

LANEMARK

 

lanemark

 

Lanemark Brick works, New Cumnock, Ayrshire.  NS 591 132

c1896 - c1939

 

LARKHALL

 

larkhall

Larkhall Brickworks, Birkenshaw, Lanarkshire.  NS 576 490

c1898 - 1990

1 hoffman kiln 14 chambers.