THE FARMS AROUND CUMWHINTON

 

Cumwhinton is a small rural village to the south of Carlisle and has always relied on agriculture for its main employment.

The agricultural history of the village and area has not been published and the following are a few examples of farming related topics I have found to date and details of some of the farms.

 

MURRAIN

Murrain was the term used during the medieval period for any cattle or sheep disease that occurred as an epidemic and caused a large number of deaths. Murrain literally means death. These diseases included Anthrax, Foot and Mouth, Rinderpest. By the nineteenth century it was usually applied only to Rinderpest which is a viral disease of ungulatrs which causes fever, loss of mucous in the mouth and diarrhoea and is usually fatal. The disease was eradicated from the UK in the alte 19th Century.

In the Carlisle Journal 6th July 1844 there is a report that Mr Dodd of Cumwhinton has lost 6 cows due to Murrain.

 

 

THE CRINGLES

 

Situated on the road to Carlisle to the north of the village

 

CRINGLESTITHE

 

 

Cumwhinton tithe map showing the site of the Cringles (1842) B16.

 

 

The house is early 19th century in coursed red sandstone with a slate roof. There is  windows allong the front with moulded window dressings. The front door has 2 tuscan columns and moulded entabulative.

 

The tithe map has Henry Aglionby Aglionby as the owner with Robert Lennox as the tennant. Piggs map of 1838 has the farm as freehold under the Aglionby family.

 

The 1847 mannix and Whellan directory still has Robert Lennox as the occupier.

The 1851 census lists Robert Lennox asa farmer of 65 acres which fits with the size of the farm

Robert Lennox        H M  70   Farmer of 65 acres  born Middlesceugh

Mary Lennox           w  m  68                               born Keswick

Mary Lennox           d  u    27  Farmer's daughter  born Cumwhinton

William Bennet       serv  u  25 Agricultural Labourer  born Scotland.

 

 

The farm was advertised for sale in January 1855 when John Pattinson had been the tennant. The farm is both arable and grassland and woodland and is 65 acres in area.

 

cringles23111855

 

 

Advert from Carlisle journal 23rd November 1855

 

This shows that John Pattinson was still tennant in the November. However another advert shows that development was planned to take place.

 

crindles2111855

 

 

Advert Carlisle Journal 2nd November 1855.

  The 1851 census for Cumwhinton has a John Pattinson Listed but he is described as a Yeoman and farmer of only 25 acres. 

 

James Stewart was the new owner

 

cringlejohnstewart321865JPG

 

 

Advert Carlisle Journal 3rd February 1865.

 

James Stewart sold the farm in 1865

 The next person was to be Mr W C Snowden

 Mr W C Snowden obviously retired in 1877 and the farm was re-let.

 

cringles2321877

 

Advert Carlisle Journal 23rd February 1877.

 

cringles1621877JPG

 Advert for sale of Mr Snowden's farming stock. Carlisle journal 16th February 1877.

 The 1882 directory shows jonathan Armstrong as resident.

 By 1934 William Haugh was the farmer.

 

 

WRAGMIRE BANK

 

Earliest mention to date is an advert for sale in1784

 

wragmire-bank23111784

 

 

CUMBERLAND PAQUET 23RD NOVEMBER 1784.

 

 

Note the spelling.

 

The farm was for sale again in 1799

 

wragmirebank1161799

 

 

 CUMBERLAND PAQUET 11TH JUNE 1799.

 

An advert in the Carisle Journal of 3rd September 1814 have both Wragmire Bank and Wath Green for sale again. The tennant is Mrs Brown.  (microfilm in Carlisle library to poor to reproduce here)

 

 

Possibly at this sale the farm became part of Barrock Lodge Estate, and is shown in a field book of the state for 1819 as being in the occupation of James Brough.

 

There is also a field plan for the farm 1839 and a list of crops grown for each field.

 

(CRO D/JB/3/1 + 2)

 

WRAG-MAP

 

WRAG-2

 

On the Cumwhinton Tithe Map, 1842, the owner is William James and tennant is Joseph Brough.

 

wrag-tithe

 

The 1851 census lists

 

Joseph Brough    H  M  63  farmer of 208 acres  Born Hesket

Mary Brough       w  m  51                                Born Swaites?

Thomas Cowan   serv  u  25   Farm Servant        Born Hesket

Richard  Blacklock  serv u  14  Farm Servant        Born  St Cuthberts

Jane Cowan           serv u  19   House Servant    Born Hesket.

 

 

LYNDHURST

This is a property in the centre of the village and although is no a purely set of residental properties it was obviously an agricultural premises with the 2 barns now being converted.

lyndhurst

The property is listed as number 25 on Piggs evaluation of the manor belonging to H A Aglionby in 1838. It is listed as a customary tenant occupant Stephen Robson  and was associated with fields known as Croft, Short Croft, Moor Flatt, Delanys Croft, Peter Croft, Acre High, Acre Low, Percy Meadow, Near Bank, Far Bank, Moor flatt, Linglands and Dubsyke. The last 5 fields are said to have been called Sowerby Tenement. All were enfranchised to Henderson in 1855.Rateable value was £17 5s 1¾ d.

lyndhurst tithe

By the time of the tithe map in 1842 there is no great change in the footprint of the buildings but the the differntiation of the house and barn is shown and also a division across the frontyard to give a garden. the owner and tenant was Elizabeth Bell.

The 1851 Census does not have an Elizabeth Bell listed and the farm is not named.

The farm was offered for sale in 1895

lyndhurst sale 1

lyndhurst sale 2

The fields are as follows 33 Near Bank i permenant pasture, 32 Far Bank oat stubble, 31 Percy Meadow as a meadow, 27 Baxter fold in seeds, 21 Haudyad in turnips and potatos, 21A Haudyads Syke as a meadow, 1 Blackground in seeds, 93 Delany's croft portion unsold permenant grass. 102 and 111 and also quarry adjoingng contracted to be purchased from Midland Railway Company by William Murray. 86 Short Croft rotational grazing, 239 Acre in seeds and 242 Half Acre in seeds. the tennant is Robert Bell but the owner is not stated.

lyndhurst photo

 

 Lyndhurst 2015.

 TURNSHAW

Turnshaw was a farm to the South West of the village. The farm was demolished after suffering from subsidence due to the under lying Cocklakes gypsum mine.

In October 1804 Turnshaw was sold as part of a large estate. It was Lot 83 and consisted of a dwelling house, out-buildings, and numerous closes of land viz. four fields called turnshaws in the occupation of Robert Sewell, two fields called Turnshaws in the occupation of John Young, two more fields called Turnshaw and one field called Crow Park in the occupation of Cuthbert Fisher. The total amounted to 28a 2r 14p.  

 Parson and White Directory 1829 has John Storey as resident.

By January 1837 Robert Storey is farming the farm and he is retiring and his stock etc is for sale. 

turnshaw2111837 

Carlisle Journal  21st January 1837.

Mannix and Whellan Directory 1847 lists John Little as the tennant.

The 1851 census still has John Little and his family resident.

John Little    H  M  35 farmer of 100 acres    born Close Head

Jane Little     W M 41                                  born Wetheral

Joseph Little  s       6                                  born Cumwhinton

Ann Little       d      4                                   born Turnshaw

Thomas Little   s     1                                  born Turnshaw

William Jackson serv  u  35 Farm labourer  born   Kirbythore

Mary A Singeon  serv  u   16  House Servant  born Stapleton.

With the declaration that the son Jospeh was born at Cumwhinton and Daughter Ann was born at Turnshaw would suggest that John and his family entered the farm in 1845/46.

However by December 1864 the farm is to let again but the tennant is Joseph Storey and the owner is Robert Storey of Charlesfield, Kirklinton.

turnshawfarm2711865

Carlisle Journal 27th January 1865.

Joseph Storey's stock and farming implements were sold in February.

The farm was again advertised to let in January 1884 when a Mr Pigg was the tennant.

turnshaw111184

Carlisle Journal 11th January 1884.