UN-NAMED PRODUCTS.

Not all bricks or products made in a similar way are stamped with a mark which can be used to identify the maker.

 

 

 

GARDEN EDGING.

 

It was common in the victorian and edwardian period for people to edge their garden plots with salt glazed tiles usually with a decorative top edge. The commonest form is a rope style pattern.

rope edge

 To get round corners some tiles came with a 45o edge or 90corners were also produced

rope corner

 Other patterns also occured

A three feathers design has been found in two forms

three feathers   three feathers 2

 

They also came in cormer forms

three feather corner

A castleated form has been seen.

castlelated

 

GRAVE SURROUNDS

All types of stone has been used to surround grave plots, but in both Darwen, Whitehall cemetry and also at Hoddlesden Churchyard.

grave surrounding

 

 

MARKED BRICKS OF UNKNOWN ORIGIN

 

occasionally bricks are found which have marks on them but no obvious means of identifying the maker. These marks are usually numbers or letters or a combination of both and at present the significance of most of these letters and numbers is not known.

 NUMBERED BRICKS

numbered bricks

 

This pair of numbered firebricks are both the same size square in section but as can be seen the number '1' is significantly longer than the number '2' 

 

11 a brick

 

a large curved brick labelled 11A (used to line top of shaft at Watergate Colliery, Flimby)

 

27 4

 

A large furnace block stamped 27    4.

33

A normal sized brick labelled 33.

 

MULTI NUMBEREDBRICKS

Below are a collection of bricks with what are obvious some form of catalogue mark. the maker is not known. They were all found in debris from the 2nd World War nitrocellulose factory at Powfoot on the Dumfrieshire coast.

70c a

70cb

 70cc

88c

 

Any ideas as to the meaning or the manufacturer would be gratefully received and acknowledged.

LETTER MARKED BRICKS

f brick

A large fireclay block with an 'F' stamped on it. note also the hob nailed footprint.

k brick

A red normal clay brick marked with a K Found on Ard Mor Bettyhill on northern coast of Scotland.

NAMED BRICKS OF UNKOWN ORIGIN.

 

park brick stanhope smelter

 A brick with Park stamped on it of unknown origin. (found Stanhope smelt mill)

 

 

 

 

LANCASHIRE BRICKS

 

 

ACCRINGTON.

  

 

The Accrington area of Lancashire has a rich supply of mudstone which is suitable for brick making. The iron content of the mudstone gives bricks trhe brightr red colour. It was quarried on the sides of Whinny Hill and during the late victorian period a number of brick works developed. They specialised in strong engineering bricks and acid resistant terracotta-ware for chemical works.

 

The bricks were said to be IRON hard and this is thought to have been changed to NORI when the builder of the chimney laid out the letter in white bricks on the ground then built them in to the chimney but in the wrong order.

 

accrington-nori

 

 

 

Accrington NORI red engineering brick from the Accrington Brick and Tile company.

 

accrington-nori4

 

A slight variation with the start and end of the word ACCRINGTON curved slightly.

 

 

norig

 

Brick stamped NORI G.

accrington nori stretcher

 Accrington NORI stamped on the stretcher surface of a brick.

accrington arc

An arc impression stamp on a brick with no frog. 

 

accrington-redac

 

accington-redac2

 

Accrington REDAC brick. From the Huncoat brick works.

Founded in 1894 by the Huncoat Brick & Terra Cotta Co. Ltd. major parter was Stephen Holgate of Enfield Brick was the major partner.

company was liquidated in 1918 and taken over by B Whittaker & Sons of Leeds. they merged in 1965 with redland holdings ltd.

Site was sold in 1971 to G H Downing & Co Ltd of Newcastle under Lyme.

 Site SD 773 305.

 

 

acrrington-bc

 

Brick from the Accrington Brick and Tile Company.

Accrington Brick and Tile Company was formed in 1887, principal partners in the business was Henry Stephenson a Burnley brick maker, john sharples a builder and J H Heap.

In 1898 employed 130 people making engineering and facing bricks, tiles and terra cotta specials.

company acquired in 1902 by the neighbouring colliery comp[any owned by G W Macalpine and family.

Acquired in 1958 by Lancashire Cotton Corporation Ltd, later taken over by Courtaulds. 

The site  was at SD 756 302.

 

 

huncoat-plastic

 

Brick from the Huncoats Plastic Brick Company. Accrington.

 

 huncoat-accr

 

Another variation on the Huncoat mark.

huncoat redac

Another version with the 'REDAC' mark inserted.

 

whinneyhill

 

Brick from Whinney Hill Plastic Brick Works.

 Built in 1896-97 by Whinney Hill Plastic Brick Co. Ltd. The company formed by Henry Stephenson, hannibal Ramsbottom, R S Crossley and others.

Taken over by G W Macalpine in 1916-17 to become part of the Accrington brickworks.

Site SD 764 303.

 

An acid resistant brick from Whinney Hill.

 

enfield-acc

 

A brick from the Enfield brick works.

 The Enfield Brick & Terra Cotta Co. Ltd. was formed in 1893 by Stephen Holgate, quarrymaster, Charles Foster, builder, and others,

By 1900 they employed 100 people and produced engineering, and rustic bricks and terra cotta specials.

The works were sold to the Accrington Brick and Tile Co Ltd in 1938 when the Enfield company moved to new works at Deerplay

 

accrington diagonal

A brick with Accrington stamped diagonally across the frog. Maker unkown. 

 

 

ENFIELD DEERPARK.

 

enfield deerplay

 

DARWEN.

 

 

WHITAKERS DARWEN

 

whitiker-darwen 

 

 

A brick from Whitakers Brick works Darwen.

 

whittaker-millhill

 

A brick from the Millhill brick works.

 

BULL HILL

 

bullhill

 

NEW CENTURY DARWEN

 

new-century-darwen 

 

new century darwen

Similar design without the description 'plastic'

 

 

 

 

 PLACE DARWEN

 

place

 

place-b

John and Joseph Place originally built a cotton mill at Hoddlestden about 1832. In 1838 joseph Place sank the Hoddlesden Colliery. In 1878 the fireclay associated with the coal was started to be mined and used for brick and other clay products Joseph Place and Sons, sanitary pipe manufacturer, was formed. tow of josephs sond William Henry and John Henry and 1892 started the Eccleshill firebrick and fireclay works. The comapny became limited in 1897.

 

The coal pits were taken over by the NCB in 1947.

 

Fireclay extraction stopped in 1952 when demand fell with the colliery closed in September 1961 and the site was cleared.

 

 

place chimney     place stamp

A large chimney pot. The stamp is poor but no other 'sons' brickworks are known in Darwen.

 

 

 

JOHN WOOD DARWEN

 

john-woods

 

 

THOMAS KNOWLES

knowles ventilator

A salt glazed ridge ventilator.

knowles stamp

The stamp of T Knowles Darwen.

T Knowles ran the Spring Vale Fire Clay works Darwen. 

In 1914 they were described as Sanitory Ware Manufacturer specialising in salt glazed sanitary pipes, bends, junctions, gullies and all kinds of traps and fittings. Cattle troughs, pig troughs, horse mangers, sinks, waste water closets, latrines and urinals. Patent man holes, patent anti-flood traps, patent outlet pipes for gas cookers and Knowles paptent golf sand boxes.

The company was acquired by Hepworth Iron Company in 1962.

 

YATES HORWICH

 

yates-plastic

 

 

 GRANE

 

grane

 

crane2 

 

Grane brickworks

 

 

 

CLAUGHTON MANOR BRICK WORKS

 

claughton

 

Claughton Manor Brick works are still working (2014) using an ariel ropeway (only remaining working example in the UK) to bring the shale down to the works.

 

cloughton2

 A much plainer brick mark.

claughton squares

Name arranged around squares in the frog.

MATTHEW BLACKBURN

 

matthews-blackburn

 

 

 

 

PHILLIPSON BOLTON

 

phillipson-bolton

 

 

 

Both sides of a white glazed brick.

 

 WITHNELL

 

withnell

 

 

Withnell Brick works.

 

 withnell-terra

 

 

QUEENS RISHTON

 

queen-rishton

 

CLARKE RISHTON

 clarke bricks

Advert for George Clarke brickworks Rishton in Barrett's Directory of Blackburn and District 1947. 

 

RPB LATHOM

 

rpb lathom

 

RPB Lathom. Lathom is near Ormskirk. RPB stands for Ralph Platt Barker. the site  was associated with the Bluguegate Colliery.

 

H R

h r

h R: hall and Rogers, Stott pit, Westhoughton, Bolton.

 

WALTON

WALTON 2

Walton brick from the Walton Quarry & Brick Co, Walton Sidings, Entwhistle.

 

CROFTS

crofts plastic

Crofts Preston.

 

HULTON

 

hulton brick

 Hulton, Bolton made by Hulton Colliery Company.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BRICKS FROM AROUND THE UK.

 

STOURBRIDGE

 

In the midlands an area well known for fireclay.

There was a number of makers in the area.

 

 

 

 stourbridge

 

A brick just stamped Stourbridge

 

fisher stourbridge

 

 A brick marked Fishers Stourbridge.

 

 

TIMMIS & CO LTD

 

timmis brick

Another Stourbridge company. Founded by the Timmis brothers G H and J A about 1871 they mined clay from under Stourbridge and Amblecote. 

RAYAX is a trade mark for firebricks with a high 55 - 60% Aluminium by incorpoating Sillimanite a high content Aluminosilicate mineral.

 

 

LONDON BRICK COMPANY. (LBC)

 

minature lbc brick

 

This brick is a minature brick. There is a debate about these small bricks some were used in fireplaces etc. Or were they made as samples for travelling sales men?

 

PHORPRES refers to the fact the bricks are pressed four times in their production. Originall in presses made by C. Whittaker & Co of Accrington, Lancashire.

 

lbc 9   lbc 10

 london brick19 lbc 19  london brick 33 47

Examples of LBC bricks known as Flettons. The numbers refer to the various works and also in cases of double numbers also to the press used.

6  not known

10 Flettons Ltd

19 Beebys.

33 Kings Dyke.

 Flettons are made from Oxford clay which has an unique property in that it contains a high concentration of organic matter which results in the brick almost firing itself in the kiln and so reducing drastically the overall cost of firing and production. Another advantage is the abiltiy to crush it to a fine granular material and it possessed a uniform moisture content which made it suitable for making into bricks by using semi-dry pressing process.

The "Fletton" process was started at Fletton Lodge Estate which was purchased by James McCallum Craig and the bricks made became known as Flettons. A number of companies were involved but over time the London Brick Company dominated the Fletton trade.

The London Brick company was incorporated as the London Brick company Limited in 1900 and adopted the trade mark "PHORPRES" in 1901. The Phorpres name was dropped in 1974.

 L B 10

An LB brick stamped 10. this brick has a very deep frog. The brick is 2.5 inches thick and the frog is 1.5 inches deep.

 

VITROSS

 

vitros

Manufactured by the North Staffordshire Brick and Tile Co. Ltd, Chesterton, Newcastle-under-Lyme 

VITROS would appear to be their trade mark for their typical staffordshire blue engineering brick.

 

 vitrros f

 

The same type of brick with a 'F' on it.

 

METALLIC AND METAL BRAND

 

metal brand   metal

 

 These were the trade marks of Metallic Tile Co (Rowley Bros) Ltd. at the Metallic tileries in Chesterton, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffordshire. closed in 1977.

Also at Hanfell tyleries.

 

J.C.E

jce2

 

J C E stands for J C Edwards who had a brick works at Ruaban, North Wales

jce

 

 A lot of JCE bricks with a number and fraction on it. In this case 31/8 in a very deep frog.

jce2a

this is the reverse of the top brick with 31/8

3and eighth

Adifferent variation on the 31/8. 

 

RUABON BRICK & TERRA COTTA LTD

 

ruabon terracotta edge

A rope topped garden edge.

Ruabon Brick & Terra Cotta Ltd or locally called Jenks Terra Cotta. Founded by the Hague family of Gardden around 1883 and managed by Mr Jenks. Taken over by Dennis in 1960s and closed 1970s. 

 MONK AND NEWELL. RUABON

 

monk newell

Brick works operated from 1883 till 1919.

 

monk Newell bullhead    monk Newell bullhead2

 

A bull nose brick with an oval brick mark.. The reverse side has CS2 stamped on it

 

DENNIS RUABON

 

dennis ruabon

 

Founded by Henry Dennis in 1878.

 

ROCK BRICK COMPANY

 

rock brick co

Made by the North & South Buckley Colliery Tile Co Ltd. Trade mark 'ROCK'. Works closed in 1914.

 

KETLEY BRICKS

ketley k

 

A Staffordshire blue engineering brick.

Made by Ketley Bricks, Dreadnought Works, Dreadnaught Road, Pesnett, Brierly Hill.

ketley kp

A paviour marked KP.

(Information from the old brick marks website. )

 

MARK FAWCETT AND COMPANY.

 

 fawcett 1      fawcett2

 

Mark Fawcett and Company from near London.  The Edwardian Patwnt Dow draught Preventing Chimney pot. (The pot is upside down in the picture as being used as a planter.) 

 

 

 DERBYSHIRE SILICA FIREBRICK CO.

dsf

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

YORKSHIRE BRICKS.

 

 

LEEDS FIRECLAY COMPANY.

 

 

 

leeds-fireclay-1

 

 

leedsfireclay1

 

Both sides of a brown glazed brick.

 

leedsfireclay2 

 

A white glazed brick.

 

leeds-elland-rd

 

A white brick with Ellen Road stamped on it.

 

lfc

A white brick which has one face glazed.

 

leeds angle    leeds angle 2

 

A white glazed angle brick with the same stamp as the normal brick above.

 

The Leeds Fireclay Company was formed in 1889 by the amalgamation of seven Leed's brick makers including the Burmantofts Company./

 

 

 

 

 

 

 ARMITAGE

 

 

armitage

 

 

armitage2

armitage imprint

 

Armitage Brickworks, Woodhill, west Ardsley, leeds.

 

KIRKHEATON

kirkheaton

 

Kirkheaton brickworks,  Huddersfield.

 

 

COMMONDALE

 

commondale brick72

 

Commondale brick works were opened in 1861 by the London and Cleveland Firebrick Co. This was a short lived venture and closed in 1867 with the death of the main director John Slater Pratt.

The works reopened in 1872 by John Crossley who formed the Commondale Brick, Pipe and Pottery Company.

The site had a seam of fine clay that was suited to production of terra cotta including for a period pottery. The works was well known for their architectural terra coota.

The works were offered for sale in 1947 and were demolished in the 1950s.

 

Examples of their work:-

 

Commondale War Memorial.  Although a stone cross created by local mason Joseph Ford there are four terra cotta panels on the base commemorating the fallen made at the local works.

 

commondalewar5   commondale war1   commondale war2   commondale war3  commondale war4

 

They also made gravestones in the shape of crosses.    commondale cemetry  This example is in the local churchyard.

 

A number of houses in Commondale are built with the local bricks and architectural terra cotta.

commondale ho

Originally a row of three cottages.

 

The company made a hand made brick sold under the trade mark 'TUDOR' and these were used in a number of buildings around the Cleveland area.